Fukushima: What Really Happened Daichi Unit #3 and Spent Fuel Pool #3
Everyone agrees there was an initial explosion at Fukushima Daichi Unit #3 at 11:01 AM JST on March 14th. This explosion was seen by the whole world on television. Details were also recorded in the reactor log.
The government was notified as they are required to, by law. The Japanese government was told about the release of nuclear fuel material, which “fell all over the plant site”. The only disagreement about this is how far the pieces of nuclear fuel from Reactor #3 were blown; 1 mile, 2 miles or 3 miles? (see links below) Both the New York Times and the NRC stated that #3 had a nuclear explosion and that it spread nuclear fuel fragments a mile around the plant. Please see video above.
A BBC report also suggests that nuclear fuel fragments were tossed all around the site. Watch BBC Clip: US video suggests flakes of nuclear fuel were scattered around Fukushima reactors -- Secret plans to evacuate citizens from Japan (VIDEO) February 24, 2012 http://enenews.com/video-suggested-flakes-deadly-radioactive-fuel-scattered-around-fukushima-reactors-secret-plans-evacuate-90000-citizens-japan
Other reports claim that the nuclear fuel fragments from #3 flew out two miles and few reports even claim that they went out three miles. This point totally refutes the official TEPCO for public consumption press release, where they still claim to this day that there was no fuel release, no reactor damage and no nuclear explosion, just a hydrogen explosion.
The #3 reactor building explosion was VERY different from the other kinds of hydrogen triggered explosions in all of the other buildings. When #3 exploded, it triggered the evacuation of the whole complex. The hydrogen explosions from the other buildings did not trigger evacuations, by comparison. Also many more people were injured and/or killed with this #3 explosion, even though TEPCO denies that as well. TEPCO decided to abandon the plant shortly after this explosion. However, based on an order from someone high up in government, a small crew of 50 returned to try and save the plant. New York Times: Broken pieces of nuclear fuel rods found outside Reactor No. 2, says nuke executive -- Covered up by bulldozers April 7, 2011 http://enenews.com/nytimes-broken-pieces-nuclear-fuel-rods-found-reactor-2-nuke-executive-covered-bulldozers
Whether or not the power was maintained to instruments, gauages and recording equipment is in dispute. TEPCO claims it never lost power, but other reports say that power was completely out for many days, and there was no way TEPCO could know anything about any reactors for a certain period of time, due to loss of ALL power to the whole complex.
The explosion at Unit #3 was HUGE. The vent tower behind #3 was 700 feet tall. When Unit #3 exploded, its contents of MOX fuel went up into a gigantic plutonium laced mushroom nuclear radiation filled cloud. When Unit #3 exploded the mushroom cloud went up so high that it made the tower look like a tiny flea on an elephant. Report: Nuclear fuel fragments found over a mile away were "ejected from the reactor cores in those explosions" not spent fuel pools, according to NRC (VIDEO) August 18, 2011 http://enenews.com/report-nuclear-fuel-fragments-found-mile-away-ejected-reactor-cores-explosions-according-nrc-video
This explosion was unlike the horizontal, low to the ground, white smoke hydrogen explosions in the other units that exploded at this complex. When Unit #3 exploded, it also carried a huge amount of radiation filled debris along with it, while also spreading pieces of nuclear fuel rods around the plant anywhere from 1-3 square miles. (See analysis links below)
Nuclear engineer: NRC now says reactors and containments have breached and released plutonium off-site -- "Much worse" than if from spent fuel pools (VIDEO) August 22, 2011 http://enenews.com/report-nuclear-fuel-fragments-found-mile-away-ejected-reactor-cores-explosions-according-nrc-video
Assuming that the plutonium/uranium nuclear fuel was scattered in a 3 mile radius from the blast zone, then approximately 7 square miles around the Fukushima plant were highly contaminated with fragments of nuclear fuel, including parts of the ocean floor. (Maybe this is why the radiation readings offshore in the ocean are not going down as expected?) Mag: Curium and plutonium outside Fukushima plant indicate nuclear explosion at Reactor No. 3 -- Broken spent nuclear fuel rods may have been scattered December 17, 2011 http://enenews.com/mag-curium-and-plutonium-outside-fukushima-plant-sign-of-nuclear-explosion-at-reactor-no-3-broken-spent-nuclear-fuel-rods-may-have-been-scattered-around
Bottom line; Fukushima Reactor #3 was loaded with MOX fuel. According to nuclear expert Arnie Gunderson, #3 was an old, poorly designed Mark I reactor design. TEPCO may very well have pushed it too far by loading highly unsafe and very dangerous plutonium containing fuel, which it was NOT designed for. This load of MOX fuel was an ‘experiment’ to see if they could ‘safely’ do this with Mark I reactors. These reactors are all over the world, including 21 of this same type of reactor in the United States.
This Mark I Unit #3 reactor melted down 9 months after it was loaded with MOX fuel, when it exploded, releasing up to an estimated 500 pounds of plutonium nano particle sized dust into the air, plus an estimated 20 tons of nano particle sized uranium dust. This may very well be why the company and Japanese government as well as nuclear regulators pushed so quickly for ‘cold shutdown’ and why no ‘official’ press releases from the company include any mentions of plutonium, nuclear explosion, uranium, or anything else that may sound scary.
NYTimes flashback: Broken pieces of nuclear fuel rods found outside Reactor No. 2, says nuke executive -- Covered up by bulldozers February 25, 2012 http://enenews.com/nytimes-flashback-broken-pieces-of-fuel-rods-have-been-found-outside-reactor-no-2-covered-up-by-bulldozers
No one in the industry wants anyone to know that both highly toxic and dangerous plutonium was released from this explosion, and that may very well be why you will not see this on any GE controlled mass media outlet or even on Wikipedia, which to this day, still claims the ridiculous assertion by ‘experts’ that Fukushima only released 10% of Chernobyl radiation. (GE owns a LOT of subsidiary news companies and has a lot of ‘experts’ hired to refute any non-experts logic, like that above.)
How can a nuclear explosion and multiple spent fuel pools plus leaking reactors only manage to release 10% of what Chernobyl released? Even an average person can see through this obvious fabrication and manipulation. For starters, all of these supposed experts rely on ‘official’ reports that do not include #3 nuclear explosion, and further, they also do NOT include the entire contents of the spent fuel pool also exploding in that same nuclear explosion. The numbers exceed Chernobyl by a huge amount, if we end up with this scenario.
How can we allow a corporation that makes nuclear reactors and nuclear devices and sells them, to also own all of our news outlets and to staff the regulator that is supposed to ensure public safety with a revolving door, just like the FDA and drug companies? Is this not an example of very unsafe conflict of public and community interest? Now let’s turn our attention to what happened at the spent fuel pool at Unit #3.
SPENT FUEL POOL EXPLOSION AT FUKUSHIMA DAICHI REACTOR #3
First, let us prove that SFP #3 Contained MOX Fuel, since many experts claim that #3 spent fuel pool had no MOX fuel in it, and many of those same experts also claim that this spent fuel pool was not damaged in the explosion at Unit #3. TEPCO further put out a video that claimed the pool is full of water, and it appears that little or no damage was done to the fuel rods. This video and their press releases give the impression that nothing happened to reactor #3 and little or nothing of interest happened at the #3 spent fuel pool.
“Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Unit 3 According to the results confirm the soundness of the new MOX fuel in the long-term storage” July 31, 2010 NISA - Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency.
Introduction: Analysis of this document began under the premise that MOX fuel could in no possible terms be viable and intact after spending a period of 10-11 years in the spent fuel pool. Documents show that 32 Mixed Oxide Fuel Assemblies were manufactured and sent to Fukushima-I in 1999. These fuel assemblies were then stored in the Spent Fuel Pool of Reactor 3 pending local government approval. This approval did not come until late summer of 2010, at which point arrangements were made and the fuel assemblies were loaded into Fukushima I-3 in September 2010.” http://archive.greenpeace.org/pressreleases/nuctrans/2001jan28.html
What have we learned so far? The experts claiming that the #3 spent fuel pool never contained MOX fuel were ‘mistaken’. According to the above documentation, #3 spent fuel pool DID CONTAIN MOX FUEL.
Now let us determine if the fuel in this pool was damaged or melted, since TEPCO and many nuclear experts claim that nothing happened in this pool, and some claim that all of the rest are perfectly OK as well. They even released an ‘official’ video claiming to show that the pool is intact and full of water, filled with spent fuel rods. This is a TEPCO provided video of Reactor Unit 3 spent fuel pool at Fukushima Daiichi 8 May 2011 http://youtu.be/KugIrnThul0 (TEPCO claims this is a video of an intact spent fuel pool #3)
Could it really be that #3 spent fuel pool sustained almost no damage and is still full of water, with a full load of undamaged spent fuel inside of it?
“New TEPCO data measured on August 19 & 20, 2011 shows severe damage to the spent fuel in Fukushima Daiichi Units 1, 2, and 3. The adjacent TEPCO table posted on the front page shows incredibly high levels of Cesium 137 and Cesium 134 in all three spent fuel pools of Units 1, 2, & 3.
This TEPCO data clearly contradicts and refutes the July 2011 assertion by the NRC the Fukushima Daiichi spent fuel pools were not damaged in this tragic accident. Crytome has a new high resolution photo, also uploaded, that shows the extensive damage of the Unit 3 spent fuel pool and the reactor building.” http://vimeo.com/28222223
We also have this report showing high levels of iodine being produced from spent fuel pool #3. This indicates an active fission process, and melted fuel. This sets the stage for the next Highest Yet: Iodine-131 in No. 3 spent fuel pool at over 1,000,000 times normal — “Generated during nuclear fission” (VIDEO) May 10, 2011 http://enenews.com/iodine-131-3-spent-fuel-pool-1000000-times-normal-suggests-nuclear-chain-reaction-nuclear-expert-video
At the very least, we have proved with direct evidence provided by the company itself, that the #3 spent fuel pool was AT THE VERY LEAST EXTENSIVELY DAMAGED, and the fuel was melted. Uncontrolled nuclear fission was happening, (producing radioactive iodine).
So now let us continue on with our detective work, since the nuclear regulators seem to be unable to even accomplish this. Remember that the IAEA visited the plant, along with the NRC representatives and found nothing amiss. They are all still officially reporting no nuclear explosion and only 10% of Chernobyl radiation released.
If we are not afraid of finding out what is really going on, then we have to ask a scary question. Is it possible that #3 spent fuel pool does not even exist anymore and that all or most of its contents were blown sky high in the massive mushroom cloud explosion that everyone saw? Some reports and a few experts who are not afraid to tell the truth indicate that this is the case.
According to a “US nuke industry report, explosions at Fukushima Units 1, 3, 4 may have caused inventory (nuclear rods) to be lost from spent fuel pools -- "Debris" on ground near Unit 3 was extremely radioactive after blast” November 11, 2011 http://enenews.com/nuke-industry-report-explosions-fukushima-units-1-3-4-caused-additional-inventory-nuclear-rods-be-lost-spent-fuel-pools
Let's have a few more experts weigh in, shall we? One Japanese Expert said; “It was a nuclear explosion at Reactor No. 3 — I believe fuel rods were blown out of spent fuel pool.” http://enenews.com/alert-japan-expert-nuclear-explosion-reactor-3-believe-fuel-rods-blown-spent-fuel-pool
The link above consists of a story with Japan nuclear expert Setsuo Fujiwara, who did an interview with SPA magazine. He worked at the Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES). He was a nuclear plant inspector and he knows these plants inside out, backwards and forwards. He also claims, as other experts do, that the explosion at reactor #3 was a nuclear explosion.
He described the flicker of fire and the vertical black smoke rising up. But he goes on to say that the spent fuel pool at #3 was destroyed and the contents of the pool were dispersed by the explosion. Specifically he asserts that there was an explosion INSIDE the #3 spent fuel pool and the melted or whole fuel rods inside of it were blown out.
He explains the sequences of events by saying that the water level decreased in the spent fuel pool #3, which caused fuel rods to melt down. Hydrogen gas was produced from the zircaloy water reaction. Inside the spent fuel pool (SFP), the water boiled above the melted fuel, and at some point, a hydrogen explosion happened.
He describes that the hydrogen explosion caused the water to compress downwards, which also compressed the hydrogen bubbles in the boiling water. This created a negative void coefficient so the “reactivity of nuclear fission was suddenly heightened. This resulted in a nuclear explosion of prompt criticality.”
“Nuclear expert: Powerful explosion at reactor No. 3 may have been from "prompt criticality" in spent fuel pool” (VIDEO) April 26 http://enenews.com/nuclear-expert-powerful-explosion-at-reactor-no-3-may-have-been-from-prompt-criticality-in-spent-fuel-pool-video
In the video above, provided by Arnie Gunderson, he goes into the explanation about what caused the devastation everyone sees at Unit 3. He explains the difference between a detonation and a deflagration. He reports that there is a huge difference between the explosion at #3, and the hydrogen explosions at the other buildings. He reports that nuclear fuel rods were found as far away as TWO MILES from Unit #3.
Uranium, plutonium and americium has been found around the world as a fine dust. He says that the only way this can happen is if nuclear reaction happened, and that this fuel was volatized and thrown out. He says that the fuel pool exploded, and it accounts for the muzzle shaped explosion. He says the rubble coming back down were fuel racks, fuel rods and debris from the building. The blackness of the cloud were evidence that uranium and plutonium were volatized and turned into dust that traveled all around the world.
He continued by saying; If it were just hydrogen, the explosion would just be under the speed of sound, but the #3 explosion was faster than the speed of sound. A detonation does not cause a flash of red, but a deflagration does. He says that a hydrogen explosion happened, which caused a distortion in the pool, which caused the prompt critical explosion. There is a way to test this hypothesis, and that is to test the smoke. There are two xenon isotopes and depending on their relationship, we can determine if this was a prompt criticality or not, but no one has released this information yet. (end of video).
Another nuclear expert; Dr. Christopher Busby weighs in and says that the #3 explosion may have been a nuclear explosion criticality. FIRST PROMPT CRITICALITY NUCLEAR EXPLOSION At #3. His Analysis of #3 Explosion is detailed in this video; http://youtu.be/1Q3ljfLvHww
Even a former Tepco employee has reported that the government and TEPCO are lying about all of this. He says that “plutonium and uranium in Reactor No. 3 has all been blown out — This was no ordinary explosion — Gov’t is concealing truth” (VIDEO) November 12, 2011 http://enenews.com/former-tepco-employee-plutonium-uranium-all-blown-reactor-3-ordinary-explosion-govt-concealing-truth-video
Some nuclear apologist ‘experts’ claim that there was no nuclear explosion at #3, because there was not enough concentration of enriched uranium/plutonium to support such a reaction. But the evidence of history supports the conclusion that it is possible, and that it has happened more than once in the past, in exactly the same way that it happened here at Fukushima. See ‘Prompt Criticality: Capable of sustaining a chain reaction without the aid of delayed neutrons’. at-McGraw-Hill Science & Technology Dictionary http://www.answers.com/topic/prompt-critical
In their article they are quoted as saying that “nuclear reactors can be susceptible to prompt-criticality accidents if a large increase in k-effective (or reactivity) occurs, e.g., following failure of their control and safety systems. The rapid uncontrollable increase in reactor power in prompt-critical conditions is likely to irreparably damage the reactor and in extreme cases, may breach the containment of the reactor. Nuclear reactors' safety systems are designed to prevent prompt criticality and, for defence-in-depth, reactor structures also provide multiple layers of containment as a precaution against any accidental releases of radioactive fission products. With the exception of research and experimental reactors, only a small number of reactor accidents are thought to have achieved prompt criticality, for example Chernobyl #4, the U.S. Army's SL-1, and Soviet submarine K-431. In all these examples the uncontrolled surge in power was sufficient to cause an explosion that destroyed each reactor and released radioactive fission products into the atmosphere.” Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/prompt-critical#ixzz1nasr9yRO
Now we have multiple nuclear experts, all in agreement. All of them are saying a nuclear explosion happened at spent fuel pool #3. If you are not convinced yet that there were nuclear explosions, feel free to follow these links and read more about it.
Two explosions may have occurred early on at Reactor No. 3, very similar to Chernobyl -- Likely at least several hundred pounds of plutonium ejected (VIDEO) June 3 2011 http://enenews.com/explosions-occurred-early-3-reactor-very-similar-chernobyl-several-hundred-pounds-plutonium-ejected-video
Nuclear expert: Powerful explosion at reactor No. 3 may have been from "prompt criticality" in spent fuel pool (VIDEO) April 23 2011 http://enenews.com/nuclear-expert-powerful-explosion-at-reactor-no-3-may-have-been-from-prompt-criticality-in-spent-fuel-pool-video
Japan Expert: It was a nuclear explosion at Reactor No. 3 — I believe fuel rods were blown out of spent fuel pool December 13, 2011 http://enenews.com/alert-japan-expert-nuclear-explosion-reactor-3-believe-fuel-rods-blown-spent-fuel-pooL.
UN agency’s report of 2nd explosion at Reactor 3 must have been made after consulting with RSMC Tokyo: EX-SKF
Worker at Reactor No. 3 says nuclear fuel gone from Spent Fuel Pool — “Great skepticism” that any pellets remain (VIDEO)
NYTimes on "Ejection of Nuclear Material": Confidential US doc suggests pieces of fuel blown up to a mile away -- Some between two units bulldozed over April 6, 2011 http://enenews.com/highly-radioactive-pieces-spent-fuel-pools-blown-mile-away
So now that we know this massive nuclear explosion was not only possible, but highly likely, can we find evidence that there were three explosions, which would indicate that experts were correct in claiming that both the reactor and the spent fuel pool are gone?
We started this detective journey by asking if a nuclear explosion was possible. We found out that it was not only possible, but that the explosion actually consisted of at least two and quite possibly three separate explosions, one feeding and causing another and then another, in quick succession.
Now we have two or three explosions to deal with and explain. First, we have a hydrogen explosion at the spent fuel pool, and then we have a nuclear explosion (deflagration/prompt criticality) coming out of the spent fuel pool.
This in turn, may have triggered the nuclear explosion(deflagration/prompt criticality) in the #3 reactor, in quick succession. Is there any evidence of three explosions happening at the #3 building, all at once?
Starting at 20 minutes in, an interview with a nuclear expert on Coast To Coast explains how two explosions may have occurred early on at Reactor No. 3, very similar to Chernobyl -- Likely at least several hundred pounds of plutonium ejected. Most of it will circle the globe and settle out. It only takes one tiny particle of inhaled plutonium to cause cancer and possibly die eventually. Just like in Chernobyl, there were two explosions within milli seconds. He describes Fukushima as a Level 8 event, way about Chernobyl Level 7. A Level 8 is Multiple Source Event, with leaks in multiple reactors, requiring international assistance and cooperation. This will easily be a TRILLION Dollar disaster.
The reactors were worth 38 Billion each, before they melted down. (As of Feb. 2012, only two out of 54 nuclear reactors are still operating in Japan. Multiply 40 Billion each times 54 reactors and that is the total cost so far, assuming they all stay shut down, but without any cleanup or compensation or lost income/taxes). The mass media is NOT covering this, ABC, NBC, CBS and others are avoiding any coverage of this event. (VIDEO) June 3rd, 2011. http://enenews.com/explosions-occurred-early-3-reactor-very-similar-chernobyl-several-hundred-pounds-plutonium-ejected-video
Hartmann - Fukushima...is this the China Syndrome?, The Big Picture, August 18, 2011. In the following video, at 4:15 in, “Paul Gunter, director of Reactor Oversight Project with Beyond Nuclear: We were involved in an Nuclear Regulatory Commission [NRC] hearing on July 28 of this year where the NRC basically admitted that (radioactive) fuel fragments found over one and a half miles away from the facility did not come from explosions from the spent fuel pools, according to the NRC those fuel fragments were ejected from the reactor cores in those explosions. httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=baya8-agPs4
Now we have evidence that both the reactor AND the spent fuel pool exploded and spread highly radioactive fuel rods for over a mile around the plant, including into the ocean.
From another source that would lend more weight of evidence that a nuclear explosion happened, and that fuel got scattered more than mile away; “According to the reports by the Ministry of Education and Science, curium-242 (242Cm) has been detected at a location 3 kilometers from the plant, and plutonium-238 (238Pu) has been detected at a location 45 kilometers from the plant. [...]242Cm's half life is short (about 163 days), and the deposition of 238Pu around the plant is far greater than normal, leading the Ministry of Education and Science to conclude these were emitted from Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant. If that's the case, pieces of broken spent nuclear fuel rods may have been scattered around the plant, and it is extremely dangerous.” http://enenews.com/mag-curium-and-plutonium-outside-fukushima-plant-sign-of-nuclear-explosion-at-reactor-no-3-broken-spent-nuclear-fuel-rods-may-have-been-scattered-around/comment-page-1#comment-211945
Once the explosions happened, we would expect to find evidence of the destruction of both the reactor and the spent fuel pool, correct? So where is there evidence that both the reactor and the spent fuel pool blew up? We can go further now. Let’s take a look at the evidence directly with our own eyes. See if you can find the reactor and spent fuel pool in the wreckage that was left after the explosion. http://youtu.be/0ZBYQ5opMLs
So how much radiation was released when spent fuel pool #3 blew up? No one knows, since the officials will not go there and none of the popular mass media radiation release figures include this. Most figures are still stuck on 10% of Chernobyl radiation total release, but this figure is laughable at this point.
We all know that these out of control nuclear melt downs, explosions and melt throughs released massive amounts of radioactive noble gases, many times more in total than Chernobyl. There is no way this could not have happened, since at least three reactors were confirmed to be leaking, melted down, melted through, and at least one spent fuel pool and possibly one reactor had a nuclear explosion, with many times the total tonnage of nuclear fuel, plus is was MOX fuel, which is many times more dangerous per ton than the equivalent Chernobyl radiation, which only had uranium releases.
The three melted down corium blobs also release radioactive gases and dust, resulting in a bunch of radioactive isotopes that float out into the air. What is this total? No one knows… as they are not counting this.
TMI lost 20 tons of nuclear fuel into the air from ONE reactor core partially melting down for 1 day. How much has been lost from multiple reactor cores over all of this time at Fukushima, in addition to the multiple FUKU spent fuel pools that blew up, melted down, or etc? Any guesses?
The heavier elements melt DOWNWARDS, as proven by Chernobyl, TMI and other nuclear accidents. Just having something blow up does not mean everything disappears into thin air. At Fukushima, the ‘experts’ and nuclear apologists have to admit that do not know where the melted corium blobs are or what they are doing, much less how much radiation they are releasing into the air on a daily basis.
Chernobyl blew up, and still had massive corium meltdown and meltthrough going down through multiple floors under the reactor, combined with massive amounts of sand, boron, lead and God knows what else. The corium at Chernobyl is all melted and fused together down under the reactor. Luckily, Chernobyl was diluted with sand, boron and lead. It cooled on its way down. The corium stopped several floors down inside the building, in the basement. In Russia, they made HUGE efforts to stop that downward movement of corium by utilizing an army that consisted of over 500,000 people, and closer to 1,000,000 people.
In Japan, there is almost ZERO effort to stop the melted corium from going down into the ground. They did not even admit it was happening, and then only slowly managed to admit that it was POSSIBLE that it melted through MONTHS later. Even now, they are having trouble even talking about it, much less investigating it or trying to figure out anything around it. The danger is that there will be a massive explosion when a corium blob hits groundwater and take out the whole complex, thus causing a global life extinction event. The consequences of the nuclear corporate, regulatory body and government coverup/denial strategy may doom the human race. Time will tell. This is NOT over yet.
Very little has changed since Chernobyl blew up and radiated everyone, except that many more nuclear accidents, meltdowns, melt throughs and ‘accidental’ radiation releases happened, plus way more radioactive substances are now in the air, on the ground and in the ocean as well as inside all of us.
How many radioactive elements and isotopes are released from something like Fukushima, some of which eventually end up inside all of us?